“Automotive Pioneers” by guest author Michael Arrowood

I’ve been following the adventures of my dear friends Steve and Marian with their new Nissan Leaf.  Of particular interest to me was the tale of their trek home from the dealership in Tennessee – a well-planned long road trip that ran into a few misadventures along the way, mainly because of the still-emerging infrastructure for charging electric cars.  Among other things, there were the long waits to charge, widely-spaced charging stations that were supposed to be working but weren’t, and the (minor) indignity of having to get a tow across the great divide of the Smokies.  Really, aren’t these people crazy to go to all that trouble to get an electric vehicle?  🙂

That got me to thinking about the history of travel by internal combustion vehicle, particularly right here where we live in Western North Carolina…

Horse-Buggy-and

In 1910 there were no hard surface roads anywhere in Henderson County.  Most rural areas were a sea of mud or dust, and the best roads from South Carolina were all dirt roads.  The townspeople of Hendersonville were astonished when a lone driver, Carl Thompson, pulled into Main Street one day, looked at his watch and made an announcement.  According to The French Broad Hustler (yes, that was actually the name of our local newspaper):  “Mr. Carl Thompson in his famous Overland Touring Car came from Spartanburg to Hendersonville, a distance of 50 miles, in four hours and 23 minutes.  At one point on the trip he made twenty-one miles in one hour.  Mr. Thompson is one of the best chauffeurs in the two Carolinas.”  An amazing speed for the time – almost 12 miles an hour – but bear in mind that if Mr. Thompson had run out of gas or had a breakdown along the way that was beyond his ability to repair, he would have found himself being towed into town by actual horsepower – simply because in that year there was not a single filling station or garage anywhere between the two towns.

1910_Overland_Model_38

A restored 1910 Willys Overland Touring Car

In 1914 three intrepid drivers made it from Hendersonville to Charleston, SC in a mere 17 hours… an average speed of 19 miles an hour!  This was also considered a noteworthy event at the time, and made the papers in both towns.  Much of the public was probably skeptical of early automotive pioneers’ efforts… after all, the train went to most towns already at much faster speeds.

Southern Ry # 5023 Asheville NC

If you had to use a horse there were livery stables and blacksmiths in every town and village.  Why go to all the trouble to adopt a new technology when it was such a hassle to get fuel and parts for it, and when the transportation already available worked perfectly well?

1900 Asheville NC Postcard RPPC man in wood cartcprt

Photo from: http://ashevilleandbuncombecounty.blogspot.com/2011_01_01_archive.html

The United States only got its first transcontinental highway (the Lincoln Highway) in 1913, and it was surfaced in every variety of pavement or lack thereof.  Our area got the Dixie Highway in 1915, but calling it a “highway” was a bit of a stretch, since it mostly consisted of bits of local road hastily improved and tacked together to make a north-south long distance route.  Yet only a decade later the U.S. was crisscrossed by paved highways and had a real national highway system, and a century after real roads came to America we can hardly imagine life without them.

highwayleaf

Filling stations were originally nothing more than any general store, hardware store, blacksmith’s shop or even pharmacy that carried a petroleum product that could power an automobile.

The first actual gas station (pictured below) was built in 1905…

ChevStation1st in worldinCA

Photo from: http://justacarguy.blogspot.com/2011/07/1st-service-station-in-world-1907-and.html

…and the first “drive-in” filling station was built exactly 100 years ago.

goodgulfgasoline

Photo from: http://justacarguy.blogspot.com/2011/07/1st-service-station-in-world-1907-and.html

Ed: It is interesting to note that many of the early fueling stations were curbside as in the below photo from http://justacarguy.blogspot.com/2011/07/1st-service-station-in-world-1907-and.html

curbsidegas

History is repeating itself with curbside EV charging stations such as this one as seen in Asheville, NC.

EV Charging Station - Biltmore Square

From: http://carstations.com/20434

Again, with the rapid expansion of automobile use, a decade later filling stations dotted the landscape all across the United States.  The technology drove the need, and the system expanded rapidly to meet that need.  The same situation exists with EV charging stations now.

Ed: Steve and Marian’s Leaf getting a solar charge from one of the BrightfieldTS solar charging canopy in Asheville, NC. This type of charging station uses solar power to charge the EV’s battery.  When an excess of power is produced or no EV’s are charging at the station, the excess power is fed back into the local power grid.  This lessens the need to burn coal which reduces our dependence on fossil fuels and reduces carbon emissions even further.  With the addition of more EV filling stations such as this, the power grid will only get cleaner and greener–something that will never happen with petroleum based propulsion.  (notice the non EV’s parking in the EV only parking spaces despite the signs.  They were ticketed:-)

brightfield2

The power grid already exists almost everywhere, and an EV driver can charge anywhere (just slowly).  Now a network of fast “filling stations” needs to grow up to serve the growing number of electric cars.  More electric cars = more demand = more ease of use = more electric cars.

overlandstuckinmud

I think maybe Steve and Marian are pioneering the next great thing in driving technology, the way those mud-splattered pioneers of (only!) a century ago pioneered the first internal combustion driving.

wejustboughtaleaf

More power to them!  (Pun intended).

Ed: Thanks for the great article Michael!

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